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Oil and Gas Industry Overview

2019/2/12As 2018 ended it's the time where it can be analyzed the status of both the oil and gas sector as well as the chemicals sector The oil and gas sector recovered especially the oil markets from the depths of the post 2014 downturn Since 2016 oil prices have recovered from $40 reaching $67 in Sep 2018 The recovery happened due to several factors One of them is the success of the Get price

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Standard test methods (ASTM and others) for crude oil

This test method provides a rapid and convenient means of determining the approximate content of chlorides in crude oil and is useful to crude oil processors How ASTM D3230 Standard Test Method for Salts in Crude Oil (Electrometric Method) The test method measures the conductivity of a solution of crude oil in a mixed alcohol solvent when subjected to an electrical stress Get price

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Surface Mining Techniques used in the Oil Sands

SURFACE MINING ≠ STRIP MINING Although sometimes mistakenly referred to as strip mining oil sands is actually mined from an open-pit below several meters of overburden Strip mining is the mining of a relatively flat deposit very close to the surface commonly used in coal or phosphate industries Get price

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How is crude oil turned into finished products?

Crude oil is often a dark sticky liquid that cannot be used without changing it The first part of refining crude oil is to heat it until it boils The boiling liquid is separated into different liquids and gases in a distillation column These liquids are used to make petrolGet price

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An Assessment of Oil Shale Technologies (Part 7 of 18)

CHAPTER 5 Technology Introduction The mining and processing technologies that can be used to convert kerogen f the or-ganic component of oil shale into marketable fuels are discussed in this chapter The char-acteristics of these technologies will influ-ence theGet price

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Coal Types Formation and Methods of Mining

Conventional mining is the oldest method and accounts for only about 12% of underground coal output In conventional mining the coal seam is cut drilled blasted and then loaded into cars Continuous mining is the most prevalent form of underground mining accounting for Get price

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Extraction techniques of essential oil

naptha (methyl alcohol) and pyroligneous acid (crude acetic) and a tarry liquid in the form of pine tar juniper tar or other tars depending on the wood used This dry distillation is usually conducted in retorts and if the wood is chipped or coarsely ground and theGet price

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Chemical Physical Properties of Crude Oil

Characteristics of Crude Oil •The hydrocarbons in crude oil can generally be divided into four categories •Paraffins These can make up 15 to 60% of crude •Paraffins are the desired content in crude and what are used to make fuels •The shorter the paraffins are theGet price

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The Oil Drum

By far the majority of crude oil is consumed in the production of transport fuels On a regional basis there are significant differences with Europe emerging as a middle distillate market and the US remaining firmly in the gasoline mode (See Fig 2 ) Fig 2 - Source Jim Williams 2007 American Petroleum Institute Diesel Fuel Use Manufacturing and SupplyGet price

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Facts about Alberta's oil sands and its industry

Oil sand is recovered by two methods surface-mining and in situ technology Surface-mining techniques require the removal of forest and layers of overburden (muskeg and topsoil) to expose the oil sands Huge hydraulic power shovels dig into the oil sand andGet price

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Chemical Physical Properties of Crude Oil

Characteristics of Crude Oil •The hydrocarbons in crude oil can generally be divided into four categories •Paraffins These can make up 15 to 60% of crude •Paraffins are the desired content in crude and what are used to make fuels •The shorter the paraffins are theGet price

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Formulating Rations With the Pearson Square

(12 percent crude protein) take the following steps Since only two components can be used in the Pearson square method the ingredients are combined first as follows 60% SBM x 45% crude protein = 27 0 40% CGM x 45% = 18 0 Protein in supplement 45 0 Get price

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Infographic What Can Be Made from One Barrel of Oil?

Many people think of crude oil as a thick black liquid that is used to source our unquenchable thirst for gasoline However the reality is that each barrel of oil is refined to be used in a variety of applications that includes fuel cosmetics plastics rubber and candle wax Get price

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Oil and Gas Pipeline Design Maintenance and Repair

PE 607 Oil Gas Pipeline Design Maintenance Repair 22 BORING AND TUNNELING - TRENCHLESS TECHNOLOGIES • To minimize construction costs the open-cut (ditching and trenching) method to lay pipe • Generally used in rural and remote locationsGet price

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Oil and Gas Industry Overview

Crude Oil Measurement Crude oil as shown in Figure 15 is measured in units of volume weight and thermal energy The standard volume unit for crude oil measurement the 42-gallon barrel ( bbl ) dates back to the 1860s when Pennsylvania producers actually stored and Get price

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Role of Oil and Gas in the Economic Development of the

Since the start of this century what is clear is that energy consumption outside of the OECD has grown very strongly while in the OECD it effectively peaked in 2004 As explained in Appendix 1 (Stevens 2016a) this is because of the lagged relationship between prices and energy consumption following the oil shocks of the 1970s and represents an important part of the story especially when Get price

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How is crude oil turned into finished products?

Crude oil is often a dark sticky liquid that cannot be used without changing it The first part of refining crude oil is to heat it until it boils The boiling liquid is separated into different liquids and gases in a distillation column These liquids are used to make petrolGet price

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Data Mining In Oil Price Time Series Analysis

mining combined with statistic knowledge to analysis oil price time series In addition the paper also explains advantages functions relevant technologies of this method and its potential applications in hedging the oil shock risk KEY WORDS data miningGet price

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Contributions of Multivariate Statistics in Oil and Gas

Huang Hsu and Liu (2009) have used Mahalanobis-Taguchi integrated with Artificial Neural Networks in data mining to look for patterns and modeling in manufacturing Pal and Maiti (2010 ) have adopted the Mahalanobis-Taguchi algorithm to reduce the dimensionality of multivariate data and for optimization with Metaheuristics in the sequence Get price

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Mining techniques / Coal extraction methods

From the earliest bell pit method to modern drift opencast and deep mining extraction methods Bell pit The name bell pit comes from the shape of the excavation with a narrow vertical shaft sunk into the coal or iron ore seam which was then opened out into a small chamber Get price

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Searching for Oil The Role of Science and Technology

The term "seismic" is used by geoscientists to refer to any vibration or shaking of the earth and its crust Sound waves send vibrations into the underground layers of the earth which is why this data collection method by geoscientists is called a "seismic survey "Get price

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Mining techniques / Coal extraction methods

From the earliest bell pit method to modern drift opencast and deep mining extraction methods Bell pit The name bell pit comes from the shape of the excavation with a narrow vertical shaft sunk into the coal or iron ore seam which was then opened out into a small chamber Get price

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The Process of Unconventional Natural Gas Production

Hydraulic fracturing know as fracking or hydrofracking produces fractures in a rock formation by pumping fluids (water proppant and chemical additives) at high pressure down a wellbore These fractures stimulate the flow of natural gas or oil Get price

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Enhanced oil recovery

Enhanced oil recovery (abbreviated EOR) also called tertiary recovery is the extraction of crude oil from an oil field that cannot be extracted otherwise EOR can extract 30% to 60% or more of a reservoir's oil compared to 20% to 40% using primary and secondary recovery According to the US Department of Get price

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Oil and Gas Industry Overview

Crude Oil Measurement Crude oil as shown in Figure 15 is measured in units of volume weight and thermal energy The standard volume unit for crude oil measurement the 42-gallon barrel ( bbl ) dates back to the 1860s when Pennsylvania producers actually stored and Get price

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OIL RECORD BOOK INSTRUCTIONS

Oil Record Book Part II - Cargo/ballast operations (Oil Tankers) The following pages of this section show a comprehensive list of items of cargo and ballast operations which are when appropriate to be recorded in the Oil Record Book Part II in accordance with regulation 36 of Annex I of theGet price

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Extraction techniques of essential oil

naptha (methyl alcohol) and pyroligneous acid (crude acetic) and a tarry liquid in the form of pine tar juniper tar or other tars depending on the wood used This dry distillation is usually conducted in retorts and if the wood is chipped or coarsely ground and theGet price

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ASTM D2892

5 1 This test method is one of a number of tests conducted on a crude oil to determine its value It provides an estimate of the yields of fractions of various boiling ranges and is therefore valuable in technical discussions of a commercial nature 5 3 This test method can be used as an analytical tool for examination of other petroleum mixtures with the exception of LPG very light naphthas Get price

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Standard test methods (ASTM and others) for crude oil

This test method provides a rapid and convenient means of determining the approximate content of chlorides in crude oil and is useful to crude oil processors How ASTM D3230 Standard Test Method for Salts in Crude Oil (Electrometric Method) The test method measures the conductivity of a solution of crude oil in a mixed alcohol solvent when subjected to an electrical stress Get price

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In Situ Methods used in the Oil Sands

In Situ Methods used in the Oil Sands In situ methods are used to recover bitumen that lies too deep beneath the surface for mining (about 80% of the oil sands in Alberta) The success of in situ methods depends on the resolution of two major issues 1) reducing the viscosity of bitumen so that it will flow and 2) recovering the bitumen from deep within the earth (OSDC 2008c) Get price

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